What are antibiotics ? These are chemical compounds may be of natural origin or synthetically formed and are used to kill or stop the growth of bacteria. Mechanism Based Classification 1-Bacteriostatic: These antibiotics are used to stop the growth of bacteria. 2-Bactericidal: These antibiotics are used to kill the bacteria.
What are mycotoxins ? Mycotoxin is derived from two words "Mykes" means - Mould "Toxicum" means - Poison Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by fungi or we can also say that mycotoxins are by products of fungi. These metabolites are very harmful to poultery even in lowest levels. We measure
Why Artificial Insemination ? If you are a backyard chicken or turkey farmer whose hens are not producing chickens, artificial insemination with a proven rooster or tom can save you surgery. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, “If done correctly, fertility rates can be higher or higher than those
Introduction Mass vaccination of a flock via drinking water is a simple and quick method of vaccine administration. It is less stressful for the birds as it does not require individual catching, handling and vaccine administration. However, mass vaccination methods require careful management if they are to be as effective
Good management requires thinking about things from the hen’s point of view and looking out for them properly. Cage or floor: there is a world of difference between the two. With caged chickens, the birds have no choices and it’s mainly the farmer who calls the shots. In floor systems the
Hatching eggs We select those eggs which are produced by tolerated healthy laying hens. Of course, they must be fertilized. The eggs should be of the standard size, weight, shape and color of the shell corresponding to the breed. Therefore, they should not be too large, they cannot have cracks
Organic Poultry Farming In domestic chicken farming, organic farming can focus on either the production of organic eggs or organic chicken meat. In both cases, the animals must be provided with access to an outdoor enclosure. Due to different weather changes, it is necessary that the chickens have access to
Introduction: All the management practices before brooding or before receiving the chicks in other sense various measures, which we provide in preparation for new-hatched chicks arriving at our farm. We will discuss various factors, which play very important role in the process of pre-brooding management and main purpose of this
The best fed and housed stock with the best genetic potential will not grow and produce efficiently if they become diseased or infested with parasites. Therefore good Poultry health management is an important component of poultry production. Infectious disease causing agents will spread through a flock very quickly because of the high
Cannibalism in fowl is a costly and vicious habit that poultry producers cannot afford to ignore. Cannibalism usually occurs when the birds are stressed by a poor management practice. Once becoming stressed, one bird begins picking the feathers, comb, toes or vent of another bird. Once an open wound or
Causative Agent: "Paramyxovirus" System Affected By This Disease: Digestive System, Respiratory System and Nervous System. Clinical / Anti-mortem Signs: Torticollis of neck (it may be upward/downward). Greenish-white mucus like diarrhoea. Lameness. Nasal and Ocular discharge. Rales of thick mucus from mouth. Pasting on vent area. Gasping (difficulty in breathing). Sticky nose.
A day old chick is considered to be of good quality if it has the capacity to grow and mature in line with its genetic potential. The chick is alert and active, with a closed navel and well developed legs that are soft and well hydrated when the toes are